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- PDB-6zxn: Cryo-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein bound to neutra... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6zxn
TitleCryo-EM structure of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein bound to neutralizing nanobodies (Ty1)
Components
  • Nanobody Ty1
  • Spike glycoproteinPeplomer
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / SARS-CoV-2 / spike protein / neutralising antibody
Function / homology
Function and homology information


suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / viral protein processing ...suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / viral protein processing / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope / viral entry into host cell / go:0009405: / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / in:ipr027400: / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus
Spike glycoprotein / polysac:dglcpnacb1-4dglcpnacb1-:
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.93 Å
AuthorsHallberg, B.M. / Das, H.
Citation
Journal: Nat Commun / Year: 2020
Title: An alpaca nanobody neutralizes SARS-CoV-2 by blocking receptor interaction.
Authors: Leo Hanke / Laura Vidakovics Perez / Daniel J Sheward / Hrishikesh Das / Tim Schulte / Ainhoa Moliner-Morro / Martin Corcoran / Adnane Achour / Gunilla B Karlsson Hedestam / B Martin ...Authors: Leo Hanke / Laura Vidakovics Perez / Daniel J Sheward / Hrishikesh Das / Tim Schulte / Ainhoa Moliner-Morro / Martin Corcoran / Adnane Achour / Gunilla B Karlsson Hedestam / B Martin Hällberg / Ben Murrell / Gerald M McInerney /
Abstract: SARS-CoV-2 enters host cells through an interaction between the spike glycoprotein and the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Directly preventing this interaction presents an attractive ...SARS-CoV-2 enters host cells through an interaction between the spike glycoprotein and the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Directly preventing this interaction presents an attractive possibility for suppressing SARS-CoV-2 replication. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of an alpaca-derived single domain antibody fragment, Ty1, that specifically targets the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 spike, directly preventing ACE2 engagement. Ty1 binds the RBD with high affinity, occluding ACE2. A cryo-electron microscopy structure of the bound complex at 2.9 Å resolution reveals that Ty1 binds to an epitope on the RBD accessible in both the 'up' and 'down' conformations, sterically hindering RBD-ACE2 binding. While fusion to an Fc domain renders Ty1 extremely potent, Ty1 neutralizes SARS-CoV-2 spike pseudovirus as a 12.8 kDa nanobody, which can be expressed in high quantities in bacteria, presenting opportunities for manufacturing at scale. Ty1 is therefore an excellent candidate as an intervention against COVID-19.
#1: Journal: BioRxiv / Year: 2020
Title: An alpaca nanobody neutralizes SARS-CoV-2 by blocking receptor interaction
Authors: Hanke, L. / Vidakovics, L. / Sheward, D.J. / Schulte, T. / Moliner Morro, A. / Corcoran, M. / Achour, A. / Karlsson Hedestam, G. / Hallberg, B.M. / Murrell, B. / McInerney, G.M.
Validation Report
SummaryFull reportAbout validation report
History
DepositionJul 30, 2020Deposition site: PDBE / Processing site: PDBE
Revision 1.0Sep 23, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release

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Structure visualization

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Structure viewerMolecule:
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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein
D: Nanobody Ty1
E: Nanobody Ty1
F: Nanobody Ty1
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)483,83957
Polymers470,1196
Non-polymers13,72051
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author&software
  • Evidence: Nanobody strongly neutralising and blocks ACE2 binding
  • Download structure data
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area45950 Å2
ΔGint27 kcal/mol
Surface area157110 Å2
MethodPISA

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Components

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Peplomer / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 142399.375 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Details: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike glykoprotein
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2
#2: Antibody Nanobody Ty1


Mass: 14306.924 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Details: Nanobody Ty1 that neutralises SARS-CoV-2 by blocking the receptor bindings site on the spike glykoprotein
Source: (gene. exp.) Vicugna pacos (alpaca) / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli)
#3: Polysaccharide
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 12
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#4: Sugar...
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 39 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

Component
IDNameTypeEntity IDParent-IDSource
1Ternary complex between Nanobody Ty1 and Spike.COMPLEX#1-#20MULTIPLE SOURCES
2Nanobody strongly neutralising and blocks ACE2 binding.COMPLEX#11RECOMBINANT
3Nanobody Ty1COMPLEX#21RECOMBINANT
Molecular weight
IDEntity assembly-IDValue (°)Experimental value
110.43 MDaNO
210.014 MDaNO
Source (natural)
IDEntity assembly-IDOrganismNcbi tax-ID
12Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 22697049
23Vicugna pacos (alpaca)30538
Source (recombinant)
IDEntity assembly-IDOrganismNcbi tax-ID
12Homo sapiens (human)9606
23Escherichia coli (E. coli)562
Buffer solutionpH: 7.4
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: NICKEL/TITANIUM
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: TFS KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal magnification: 165000 X / Nominal defocus max: 2500 nm / Nominal defocus min: 300 nm / Calibrated defocus min: 300 nm / Cs: 2.7 mm / C2 aperture diameter: 20 µm / Alignment procedure: ZEMLIN TABLEAU
Specimen holderCryogen: NITROGEN / Model: FEI TITAN KRIOS AUTOGRID HOLDER
Image recordingAverage exposure time: 1.5 sec. / Electron dose: 51 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 BIOQUANTUM (6k x 4k)
EM imaging opticsEnergyfilter name: GIF Bioquantum / Energyfilter slit width: 10 eV

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Processing

EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
1Warp1.0.7particle selection
2EPU2.7image acquisition
4Warp1.0.7CTF correction
7Coot0.9model fitting
12cryoSPARC2.153D reconstruction
13PHENIXmodel refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C1 (asymmetric)
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.93 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 131816 / Algorithm: BACK PROJECTION / Num. of class averages: 1 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: OTHER / Space: REAL
Atomic model buildingPDB-ID: 6VSB

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