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- EMDB-30660: SARS-CoV-2 S trimer, S-closed -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-30660
TitleSARS-CoV-2 S trimer, S-closed
Map data
SampleSARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer:
Spike glycoproteinPeplomer / ligand
Function / homology
Function and homology information


suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope ...suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope / pathogenesis / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike glycoprotein, heptad repeat 2, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal
Spike glycoprotein
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Methodsingle particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.7 Å
AuthorsCong X / Yao C
Funding support China, 1 items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Chinese Academy of Sciences China
CitationJournal: Sci Adv / Year: 2021
Title: Conformational dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike glycoprotein in complex with receptor ACE2 revealed by cryo-EM.
Authors: Cong Xu / Yanxing Wang / Caixuan Liu / Chao Zhang / Wenyu Han / Xiaoyu Hong / Yifan Wang / Qin Hong / Shutian Wang / Qiaoyu Zhao / Yalei Wang / Yong Yang / Kaijian Chen / Wei Zheng / ...Authors: Cong Xu / Yanxing Wang / Caixuan Liu / Chao Zhang / Wenyu Han / Xiaoyu Hong / Yifan Wang / Qin Hong / Shutian Wang / Qiaoyu Zhao / Yalei Wang / Yong Yang / Kaijian Chen / Wei Zheng / Liangliang Kong / Fangfang Wang / Qinyu Zuo / Zhong Huang / Yao Cong /
Abstract: The recent outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 pose a global health emergency. The SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike (S) glycoprotein interacts with the human ACE2 receptor to mediate viral entry into host cells. We ...The recent outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 pose a global health emergency. The SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike (S) glycoprotein interacts with the human ACE2 receptor to mediate viral entry into host cells. We report the cryo-EM structures of a tightly closed SARS-CoV-2 S trimer with packed fusion peptide and an ACE2-bound S trimer at 2.7- and 3.8-Å resolution, respectively. Accompanying ACE2 binding to the up receptor-binding domain (RBD), the associated ACE2-RBD exhibits continuous swing motions. Notably, the SARS-CoV-2 S trimer appears much more sensitive to the ACE2 receptor than the SARS-CoV S trimer regarding receptor-triggered transformation from the closed prefusion state to the fusion-prone open state, potentially contributing to the superior infectivity of SARS-CoV-2. We defined the RBD T470-T478 loop and Y505 as viral determinants for specific recognition of SARS-CoV-2 RBD by ACE2. Our findings depict the mechanism of ACE2-induced S trimer conformational transitions from the ground prefusion state toward the postfusion state, facilitating development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and therapeutics.
Validation ReportSummary, Full report, XML, About validation report
History
DepositionNov 6, 2020-
Header (metadata) releaseDec 16, 2020-
Map releaseDec 16, 2020-
UpdateFeb 17, 2021-
Current statusFeb 17, 2021Processing site: PDBj / Status: Released

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Structure visualization

Movie
  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 0.021
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
  • Download
  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 0.021
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view with fitted model
  • Atomic models: PDB-7df3
  • Surface level: 0.021
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
SurfViewMolmilJmol/JSmol
Supplemental images

Downloads & links

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Map

FileDownload / File: emd_30660.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 125 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)
Projections & slices

Image control

Size
Brightness
Contrast
Others
AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
1.02 Å/pix.
x 320 pix.
= 326.4 Å
1.02 Å/pix.
x 320 pix.
= 326.4 Å
1.02 Å/pix.
x 320 pix.
= 326.4 Å

Surface

Projections

Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 1.02 Å
Density
Contour LevelBy AUTHOR: 0.021 / Movie #1: 0.021
Minimum - Maximum-0.07201789 - 0.12794553
Average (Standard dev.)0.00014700783 (±0.0030541176)
SymmetrySpace group: 1
Details

EMDB XML:

Map geometry
Axis orderXYZ
Origin000
Dimensions320320320
Spacing320320320
CellA=B=C: 326.4 Å
α=β=γ: 90.0 °

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z1.021.021.02
M x/y/z320320320
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z326.400326.400326.400
α/β/γ90.00090.00090.000
start NX/NY/NZ000
NX/NY/NZ360360360
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
NC/NR/NS320320320
D min/max/mean-0.0720.1280.000

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Supplemental data

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Additional map: S-closed map before post-processing

Fileemd_30660_additional_1.map
AnnotationS-closed map before post-processing
Projections & Slices
AxesZYX

Projections

Slices (1/2)
Density Histograms

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Sample components

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Entire SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer

EntireName: SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer / Number of components: 3

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Component #1: protein, SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer

ProteinName: SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer / Recombinant expression: No
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human) / Strain: HEK293F

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Component #2: protein, Spike glycoprotein

ProteinName: Spike glycoproteinPeplomer / Number of Copies: 3 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 140.055906 kDa
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human)

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Component #3: ligand, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose

LigandName: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / Number of Copies: 30 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 0.221208 kDa

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Experimental details

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Sample preparation

SpecimenSpecimen state: Particle / Method: cryo EM
Sample solutionpH: 7.5
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
ImagingMicroscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Electron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
LensImaging mode: BRIGHT FIELD
Specimen HolderModel: OTHER
CameraDetector: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Image processing

ProcessingMethod: single particle reconstruction / Number of projections: 142345
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.7 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF

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Atomic model buiding

Output model

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