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- PDB-7df3: SARS-CoV-2 S trimer, S-closed -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7df3
TitleSARS-CoV-2 S trimer, S-closed
ComponentsSpike glycoproteinPeplomer
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / Spike glycoprotein / coronavirus / SARS-CoV-2 virus / closed state
Function / homology
Function and homology information


suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope ...suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope / go:0009405: / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / in:ipr027400: / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding
Spike glycoprotein / polysac:dglcpnacb1-4dglcpnacb1-roh:
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.7 Å
AuthorsCong, X. / Yao, C.
Funding support China, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Chinese Academy of Sciences China
CitationJournal: Sci Adv / Year: 2021
Title: Conformational dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike glycoprotein in complex with receptor ACE2 revealed by cryo-EM.
Authors: Cong Xu / Yanxing Wang / Caixuan Liu / Chao Zhang / Wenyu Han / Xiaoyu Hong / Yifan Wang / Qin Hong / Shutian Wang / Qiaoyu Zhao / Yalei Wang / Yong Yang / Kaijian Chen / Wei Zheng / ...Authors: Cong Xu / Yanxing Wang / Caixuan Liu / Chao Zhang / Wenyu Han / Xiaoyu Hong / Yifan Wang / Qin Hong / Shutian Wang / Qiaoyu Zhao / Yalei Wang / Yong Yang / Kaijian Chen / Wei Zheng / Liangliang Kong / Fangfang Wang / Qinyu Zuo / Zhong Huang / Yao Cong /
Abstract: The recent outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 pose a global health emergency. The SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike (S) glycoprotein interacts with the human ACE2 receptor to mediate viral entry into host cells. We ...The recent outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 pose a global health emergency. The SARS-CoV-2 trimeric spike (S) glycoprotein interacts with the human ACE2 receptor to mediate viral entry into host cells. We report the cryo-EM structures of a tightly closed SARS-CoV-2 S trimer with packed fusion peptide and an ACE2-bound S trimer at 2.7- and 3.8-Å resolution, respectively. Accompanying ACE2 binding to the up receptor-binding domain (RBD), the associated ACE2-RBD exhibits continuous swing motions. Notably, the SARS-CoV-2 S trimer appears much more sensitive to the ACE2 receptor than the SARS-CoV S trimer regarding receptor-triggered transformation from the closed prefusion state to the fusion-prone open state, potentially contributing to the superior infectivity of SARS-CoV-2. We defined the RBD T470-T478 loop and Y505 as viral determinants for specific recognition of SARS-CoV-2 RBD by ACE2. Our findings depict the mechanism of ACE2-induced S trimer conformational transitions from the ground prefusion state toward the postfusion state, facilitating development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and therapeutics.
Validation Report
SummaryFull reportAbout validation report
History
DepositionNov 6, 2020Deposition site: PDBJ / Processing site: PDBJ
Revision 1.0Dec 16, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Feb 17, 2021Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.journal_volume / _citation.year / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)436,99057
Polymers420,1683
Non-polymers16,82254
Water0
1


TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area60010 Å2
ΔGint43 kcal/mol
Surface area130380 Å2

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Components

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Peplomer / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 140055.906 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Cell line (production host): HEK293F / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2
#2: Polysaccharide...
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 24
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-ROHGlycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[][D-1-deoxy-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Sugar...
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 30 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein trimer / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human) / Strain: HEK293F
Buffer solutionpH: 7.5
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Processing

CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.7 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 142345 / Symmetry type: POINT

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